This is an overuse injury of the Achilles tendon, the band of tissue that connects calf muscles at the back of the lower leg to your heel bone. The pain can begin as a mild ache in the back of the leg or above the heel after running or other sports activity. In Galway Podiatry Clinic the Podiatrists can assess the underlying cause, provide a stretching regime and orthotic supports as needed.
These are often caused by structural and muscular imbalances and may be treated by strapping and correction of the underlying structural defect by using orthotic insoles to change the way the foot moves on the ground and correct the walking pattern.
Arthritis of the Foot & Ankle
Can often be caused by an injury to the foot or ankle causing the cartilage to be damaged. The Podiatrist in Galway Podiatry Clinic will assess the underlying cause, perform some foot mobilisation to improve movement in the joint, then provide you with a stretching regime and orthotic supports as needed.
Athlete's foot, caused by a fungal infection called Tinea Pedia. This is typically characterised by skin fissures or scales that can be red and itchy. It can be spread through contact with infected skin scales or contact with fungi in damp areas (for example, showers, locker rooms, swimming pools). It is often a chronic infection that recurs frequently. The Podiatrist in Galway Podiatry Clinic will discuss treatment options with you, if the appropriate anti-fungal cream is applied daily this itchy issue can be resolved quickly.
A callus is a rough, thickened area of skin that appears because of repeated irritation or pressure to an area of skin. The Galway Podiatry Clinic Podiatrist will gently pare the old dead skin away and normally apply a soft padding to protect the skin for a few days.
Corns are painful, thick areas of very hard skin which present on the joints of toes or underneath the foot on the toes from repetitive rubbing or pressure. The Galway Podiatry Clinic Podiatrist is particularly trained and skilled in gently removing these “plugs” of dead skin. The we will assess the Podiatrist will assess the underlying cause, and may provide orthotic insoles to offload the pressure area.
Diabetic Foot Conditions
Over time, diabetes may cause nerve damage, also called diabetic neuropathy, that can cause tingling and pain, and can make you lose feeling in your feet. The Podiatrists in Galway Podiatry Clinic are qualified to assess your circulation, the blood pressure in your feet, and to test for sensation in the feet using evidence based techniques. We will also answer any questions that you might have about diabetes or its effect on your feet. To learn more, read our blog post about how diabetes affects the foot.
Fungal nail infections often start at the edge of the nail and spread backward. The nail may be discoloured; yellow or brown or may just be thickened in areas. The nail can become very brittle and pieces can break off. The Podiatrists in Galway Podiatry Clinic will file away the dead bits of nail, treat the nail with topical ointment and then provide you with a full list of options for treatment. The treatment of fungal infected nails is very slow as it takes 4 – 6 months for the nail to grow right out. It is a very slow process.
A hammer toe is a deformity of the second, third or fourth toes. In this condition, the toe is bent at the middle joint and a painful corn can form on the top of the joint. Initially, hammer toes are flexible and can be corrected with simple mobilisation treatment but, if left untreated, they can become fixed and require surgery. The Podiatrists in Galway Podiatry Clinic have a range of treatment to enable you to avoid surgery on these toes.
Over-pronation, (commonly called flat feet), is a common biomechanical problem that occurs in the walking process when a person's arch collapses upon weight bearing. This condition is often present for our whole life and never gives any trouble but if there is a change of shoe or activity level the extra movement in the foot can cause extreme stress on the joints or inflammation on the plantar fascia. It can cause severe discomfort and lead to other foot problems. The Podiatrists in Galway Podiatry Clinic can assess your feet, check for any underlying foot or joint deformity and prescribe strengthening exercise or orthotic insoles if needed.
Podiatrists are experts in treating ingrowing toenails. The ingrown toenail may have been caused by improper nail trimming, or pressure from shoes or even from the excessive foot motion in hyperpronation. The corner or side of the nail digs into the flesh and may set up an infection. Clinical treatment of ingrowing toenails involves careful, painless clinical treatment to gently remove the part of the side of the nail which is causing the pain treatment.
Mortons neuroma is a painful, enlarged. fibrous growths around a nerve, You cannot see it as it occurs inside the foot, usually between the 3rd and 4th metatarsal joints, but you can certainly feel the pain particularly if your foot swells or if you have to wear a tighter fitting shoes. The pain of Morton’s neuroma is sometimes described as a burning or aching sensation, a shooting pain, tingling or numbness in the toes. The Podiatrist in Galway Podiatry Clinic will easily test for this condition by holding the foot to feel “Mulders Click”! Neuromas are caused when the joint rubs against the nerve and causes irritation and eventually forms fibrous tissue around the nerve sheath. This is usually caused by abnormal foot biomechanical function; frequently hyperpronation. Treatment depends on the severity of the pain; padding under the painful area, strapping, and orthotic insoles. If these measures fail, we would send a referral to your GP for a cortisone injection.
Pain in the Ball of the Foot (Metatarsalgia)
Metatarsalgia can be caused by a number of factors: the most common is a Plantar Plate Tear which requires padding and specific strapping over a few months (it does heal but it can be very slow). Metatarsalgia can also be caused by the excessive motion in hyperpronation causing stress and shearing in the ball of the foot. Or the pain could be caused by Mortons Neuroma. As Podiatrists we assess the underlying cause and treat with padding, strapping or orthotic insoles.
Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Spurs)
The most common symptom of Plantar fasciitis is pain in the heel for the first 10 steps in the morning, improves during the day but pain again after sitting down. Sports Injury or abnormal foot biomechanics can cause plantar fasciitis. In Galway Podiatry Clinic the Podiatrists follow an evidence based treatment regime: first we assess your foot to ensure that it is plantar fasciitis and not Baxter’s nerve entrapment, Posterior Tibial Tendon Dysfunction or strain in the intrinsic muscles in the feet. These are all treated in different ways so it is very important to have the correct diagnosis. If it is Plantar Fasciitis, first we apply strapping to correct the foot position and take the strain off the plantar fascia (we show you how to do this easily at home). If this works well we will discuss the orthotic insole options with you to ensure the best option for your lifestyle and footwear.