The Foot in Diabetes

Foot disorders are among the most widespread and neglected health problems affecting people in this country and with the increasing incidence of diabetes, looking after your feet has never been more important.

How Diabetes affects the Foot

It is important to consult a podiatrist as soon as possible if you experience any of the following;
Numbness, pins and needles or burning sensation
Persistent pain in your feet or ankles.
Changes in the nails or skin on your foot.
Severe cracking, scaling, or peeling on the heel or foot.
Blisters on your feet.
There are signs of bacterial infection, including:
Increased pain, swelling, redness, tenderness, or heat.
Red streaks extending from the affected area.
Discharge or pus from an area on the foot.
Spreading of an infection from one area of the foot to another, such as under the nail or the surrounding skin.
Thickening toenails that cause discomfort.
Heel pain accompanied by a fever, redness (sometimes warmth), or numbness.
Tingling in the heel; persistent heel pain without putting any weight or pressure on your heel
Athlete’s Foot.

Children’s Feet

Children’s feet are a different shape from those of adults; they are wider across the toes and narrower at the heels. Bones do not harden until the child is in the late teens and as they are growing are particularly vulnerable to deformity caused by poorly fitting footwear.

Toddlers naturally have flat feet due to a plantar fat pad and as this is natural it is not necessary to try to correct the “flat feet” and small children should be allowed to walk barefoot for as long as possible.

Shoes should be checked often to ensure that they have not been outgrown and socks should be checked for size and shape as they can shrink in the wash.

Children who trip over their own feet more than normal should be checked for “Toeing in” gait. This may be corrected fairly simply with the aid of insoles and/or exercises but may be due to an abnormality in hip development. This can be assessed in this podiatry clinic and referred to the paediatrician or orthopaedics if necessary.
podiatrist Galway